Week of scientific culture in Percé: detailed programming
9h30 - Official opening and word of welcome from the guest of honor of the Scientific Culture Week in Percé, Ms. Cathy Poirier.
10 a.m. - From sea to plate: recovery of residues from the fishing industry
speaker: Ms. Maude Sirois, Merinov
description: When seafood and fish arrive in our refrigerator, unless you buy them live or go fishing for them, they go through processing plants. The factories prepare, among other things, our fish fillets, cook our shellfish and much more. When processing marine products, several residues are generated. It may be fish skins and bones or shellfish shells or mollusc shells. In Quebec, there are more than 15 000 tonnes of these residues per year. A simple solution to get rid of them would simply be to throw them in garbage cans, compost or in the fields, but did you know that these residues can be valorized for use as fertilizer in agriculture or to create cosmetics and pharmaceutical? This is what we will show you during this presentation.
10:50 a.m. - Banc-des-Américains: a treasure of marine life to protect in the Gulf of St. Lawrence
Speaker: Ms. Pascale Tremblay, Fisheries and Oceans Canada. Regional Directorate of Ecosystem Management
Summary : Do you know what a Marine Protected Area is? It is a tool used by Fisheries and Oceans Canada to protect important ecosystems, species and marine habitats. The Banc-des-Américains marine protected area, covering an area of 1 km², is located off the Gaspé coast, near the Île-Bonaventure-et-du-Rocher-Percé national park. The site's particular rock formation, combined with the nutrients transported by the Gaspé Current, is the source of the wide variety of habitats and marine species that frequent this area: many species of fish and shellfish caught commercially, marine mammals at risk and many invertebrates. Its protection will help preserve the health and productivity of this ecosystem for the benefit of future generations.
11:20 a.m. - The ÉPAQ aquaponics club
Speaker: Mr. Pierre-Olivier Fontaine, Quebec School of Fisheries and Aquaculture
Description: Aquaponics is a concept through which animal, plant and bacterial species live in symbiosis, recreating a small ecosystem where the waste of one will feed the other.
During this presentation, a teacher from the Quebec School of Fisheries and Aquaculture will offer a testimony on the pedagogical and individual benefits of integrating an aquaponic club with the ÉPAQ. Founded 3 years ago, a wide variety of activities took place in Grande-Rivière, and the club also began to shine throughout Gaspésie, Canada and even in Africa.
The system also has other related roles. It serves as an incubator for students who would like to test new sustainable farming methods in order to start a business. The system is also collaterally used as a food bank for students of the school to offer fresh produce year round.
13h30 - Capture and recovery of CO2 : a solution to fight against climate change
Speaker: Mr. Pierre Sanschagrin, Clean Technologies Cluster of Gaspésie
Summary : Carbon dioxide (CO2) is one of the main greenhouse gases and the increase in its concentration in the Earth's atmosphere is causing global warming. Due to the urgent need to act to counter this phenomenon, a certain number of processes have been developed to capture and value CO2 emitted by human activities. The purpose of this conference is to present some of these processes, especially those that could be applied in our region.
14h30 - Towards plastics more ... blue!
Speaker: Ms. Sophie Chabot, Quebec School of Fisheries and Aquaculture
Summary : Plastic is one of the most widely used materials in the world today. On the other hand, this same durability makes it extremely damaging to the environment and to health since it degrades at an extremely slow rate and it can contain or release toxic products, particularly in aquatic and marine environments. Industrial producers and users of plastics are today looking for innovative and more eco-responsible solutions. Several wastes and co-products (residues of crustacean shells, algae and their residues) can be transformed and recovered for the production of bioplastics. These are an alternative solution to using petroleum plastics for applications such as food wrap and agricultural films. Faced with this problem, researchers from 2 colleges and 2 Quebec research centers are concentrating their efforts on enhancing the biopolymers obtained from the extraction of algae and crab carcasses, particularly by targeting the preparation and production of biobased and biodegradable plastics.
10am - How are the global changes affecting the Northern Gannet and how does he cope?
Speaker: Mr. David Pelletier, University of Quebec at Rimouski and Bonaventure Island-and-Rock-Percé National Park
Description: The Gulf of St. Lawrence is undergoing profound changes affecting the entire marine food web. Water temperatures are rising, zooplankton communities are changing, many fish populations are collapsing due to overfishing, and new species are emerging in the ecosystem. The Northern Gannet, the iconic bird nesting in Bonaventure Island and Percé Rock National Park, struggles to find enough food near the colony to feed itself and feed its only species. single chick. This results in a significant mortality in chicks for at least 10 years.
Through the study of adult fishing behavior (using GPS), their diet and their state of health (using blood tests), researchers from the Marine Ornithology Laboratory of Rimouski will present the strategies used by the Northern Gannet to adjust to these important environmental changes.
11h - Coastal natural environments, how to preserve and enhance them
Speaker: Mrs. Bolduc, Nature Conservancy of Canada
Summary : The protection of natural environments and their biodiversity is one of the solutions identified to better adapt to climate change, the effects of which are observed among others in the coastal environments of the Gaspé Peninsula. But how can a non-profit organization act locally to preserve environments that have to deal with coastal erosion, rising sea levels, real estate development and the holding of many recreational and tourism activities? The Nature Conservancy of Canada has implemented several private land actions to achieve this, both to protect species at risk and to enhance important habitats, while enabling the public to access the most valuable landscapes. breathtaking views of the tip of the Gaspé Peninsula.
The presentation will provide a practical introduction to what has been achieved in recent years at the barachois of Malbaie and Pointe St-Pierre, two hot spots of biodiversity on the coast of the city of Percé.
13h30 - Our residual materials, more than waste!
Speaker: Mr. Laurent Gélinas, Intermunicipal Waste Management Board of Gaspésie
Summary : In the news, we hear a lot about zero waste, three-way collection and plastic waste polluting the environment. The management of residual materials is at the heart of the news. How can we reduce the environmental impact related to the management of residual materials in our territory?
The presentation will present a portrait of the management of residual materials in the territory of the Rocher-Percé RCM and the City of Gaspé and present the different management streams (recycling, composting, recovery and landfill). The recent innovations of the RITMRG, including the recycling of granulated glass and the willow culture treating composting waters, will be presented. The conference will inform and educate participants on better management of residual materials to reduce management costs and reduce our impact on the environment.
14:30 p.m. - Monitoring of marine mammals day and night using a thermal camera
Conférencier: Mr. Colin Gauthier-Barrette, Merinov
Description: Since they spend their lives underwater and share their living space with merchant ships, tourist attractions, ferries and shipyards, marine mammals are particularly vulnerable to noise disturbance and collision risks. They can only be seen for a few seconds when they come to breathe on the surface.
In the context of certain human activities, we would benefit from better knowing the position of these animals in order to limit the disturbance. It is in order to help companies and organizations working in the maritime environment that Merinov has developed a thermal detection tool. This camera is actually a camera that captures infrared rays rather than the wavelengths visible to the naked eye. The rendered image is the same whether it is midday or midnight! Merinov will present his best results of the last two years, video footage in support.
15:20 p.m. - Wind energy and climate change
Conférencier: Mr. Charles Godreau, Nergica
10h - The evolution of life through the rocks of Percé
Speaker: Mrs Isabelle Cyr-Parent, UNESCO Global Geopark of Percé
Description: Percé has received international recognition for the richness of its natural heritage, entering the large family of UNESCO Global Geoparks. The major criterion that differentiates us on the international scene is the concentration of several geological formations on an area of less than 40km2. These rocks, formed between 500 and 300 millions of years, are privileged witnesses of the evolution of the life. By discovering the unique environments and life forms of these times, such as centipede worms that are two meters long, this presentation will make you see another exciting side of our fascinating landscapes!
11 a.m. - Miguasha: a paleontological treasure from the Gaspé region of universal character
Conférencier: Mr. Olivier Matton, Miguasha National Park
Description: Inscribed on the UNESCO World Heritage List, the Miguasha National Park has the mandate to protect and enhance the Escuminac Formation. In this exceptional sedimentary sequence hide the remains of an entire ecosystem, 380 million years old, which turns out to be the privileged witness of the geological period of the Devonian, or “Age of fish”. The study of the fossils of plants, invertebrates and fish found there allows us to remarkably document one of the great stages in the history of life, namely the passage from water to land in The vertebrates. The recent discovery and ongoing study of the only complete fish specimen Elpistostege watsoni will shed new light on this fascinating question.
13h30 - Species at risk
Speaker: Ms. Mélanie Jean, Micmac Nation of Gespeg and Marie-Christine Plourde, Contact Environment and SOS Bats
Summary : “The Government of Canada has added three species of bats to the list of endangered species in Canada (also known as Schedule I of the Species at Risk Act). These three species of bats, the Little Brown Myotis (Myotis lucifugus), the Northern Myotis (Myotis septentrionalis) and the Tri-colored Bat (perimyotis subflavus), have been listed as endangered species because their survival is imminently threatened by a deadly and highly contagious disease, white-nose syndrome (WNS). " http://www.sararegistry.qc.ca
Environment Contact has confirmed that white-nose syndrome is present in our area. We are currently working with the Micmac Nation of Gespeg on the SOS Bats project. This project focuses on data collection and outreach related to the federal government's recovery strategy to assist in the conservation of these species at risk.
Help us shed light on the world of bats in our region.
14h30 Algae to the rescue of culture mussels
Speaker: Mr. Pierre-Olivier Fontaine, National School of Fisheries and Aquaculture of Quebec
Description: Each year in Quebec, on average, up to 30% of blue mussels are subject to predation by ducks. In Baie-des-Chaleurs, losses may be more than 90% following the passage of diving ducks. This problem is not a specificity of Quebec, multiple articles have testified of the impact of these ducks on the mussel industry of the maritime provinces of Canada and many countries of Europe. Several techniques have been tried in the past to reduce the rate of predation, but these are often very stressful for ducks (fireworks, laser ...). The vast majority of these techniques are often quickly thwarted by ducks and those that have proven to be most effective are often very expensive. In order to reduce the predation pressure of these diving ducks without inflicting additional stress on them, our research team is exploring several so-called passive avenues, including a laminar curtain.
Conférencier: Mr. Donald Jeannotte-Anglehart, Mi'gmawei Mawiomi Secretariat
Title: Mi'gmaq toponymy and the land management plan