When visiting the Geopark of Percé, the most remarkable fauna phenomenon you will see is the presence of the world’s largest accessible Gannet colony on Bonaventure Island, with over 121,000 gannets counted in 2008. In 1919 the Percé Rock and Bonaventure Island cliffs became a protected refuge for migratory birds. A constant and steady increase in population was noted from 1919 to 1933.
The Government of Quebec acquired the island in 1971 to create a national park. The Parc national de l’Île-Bonaventure-et-du-Rocher-Percé was officialy created in 1985.
Many bird species are found in the Geopark. Seabirds such as common murres, kittiwakes and puffins are easy to observe in the national park.
Over the Geopark territory, some species are designated as vulnerable. For instance, Briknell’s thrush is designated threatened at the federal level.
This migratory bird nests only in specific wood-lands and in regenerating forest located at high altitude in southern Quebec. Briknell’s thrush is a species that is sensitive to habitat reduction and disturbance. The creation of protected areas with conservation and monitoring contributes to the survival of this species.
To ensure the survival of these species the Geopark respects nesting periods and organises major trail maintenance outside vulnerability periods. Moreover, species inventories will be carried out on a three-year basis to ensure the preservation of both birds and their environment.
Little penguins, Bricknell’s thrush, Gannets